Contents: Acknowledgements v Preface vii Electroactive Biofilms: Application in Microbial Fuel Cell 1 Ambika Arkatkar, Preeti Sharma, Arvind Kumar Mungray Nano in Fine Print 33 Suhani Patel, Sonal Bakshi Resurgence of Organic Pigments and its application in Technical Textile Industry 45 Urvi Vachheta Patenting Genes: From Chakrabarty to Myriad and Beyond 57 Aswini Anjana V., Mariya Fatma Going the Unconventional Way- Gene Patents in India 69 Jai Shanker Bajpai and Smriti Gandhi Cryonics in India-Fulfilling the Ardent Desire to Live 81 Hatim Hussain, Prateek Srivastava Patenting Life: Genetic Patenting in India 109 Angela Dsouza The Effects of Chemotherapy Treatment on Male Reproductive Functions 127 Khaled Habas, Martin. H. Brinkworth and Diana Anderson Molecular Diagnostics-Nucleic Acid based Techniques for Modern Diagnostic Tools 141 Yachana Jha Exploring Social, Economic and Emotional aspects of Surrogacy Practice- A Retrospective Analysis of 106 Surrogate Mothers in a Single Centre in Anand 157 Nayana H. Patel, Niket H. Patel, Molina Patel, Harsha K. Bhadarka, Yuvraj D. Jadeja and Nilofar R. Sodagar Genetic Testing and Privacy 165 Sejal Pal, Nidhi Patel and Preeti Sharma Antibiotic Resistance 179 Dr Gurudas Khilnani and Dr Ajeet Kumar Khilnani Stem Cells its Emerging Biology, Clinical Applications and Challenges 201 Kanjaksha Ghosh, Avani Shah and Kanchan Mishra Molecular Approaches along with Conventional Hemagglutination for Multitransfused Patients 213 Avani Shah, Preeti Sharma, Keyur Patel, Kanjaksha Ghosh and Kanchan Mishra Research & Developments in Medicinal Plants Sector: An Analysis from 36 States / Union Territories of India 243 Rahil Mathakia, Ashaba Rana and Viralkumar B. Mandaliya Antibiotic Resistance: Causes and Challenges 257 Dr. Anjali Soni, Amee Patel, Vishma Shah and Juie Rana Surrogacy: The Dawn of Sterile Citizenry and the Legal Lacunae 273 Aiman Farhat DNA Forensics: Ethical & Legal Issues in Red Biotechnology 307 Amit K Kashyap 19. Pre-natal Sex Selection and Infanticide: Advanced Technology vs Social Issues, Global Perspective Viralkumar B. Mandaliya 319 Color Plates The present edited book aimed at finding out the issues in Medical Biotechnology and how they can be addressed which together referred as Red Biotechnology. The outline of the book was prepared as a part of the awareness program on the Biotechnology field. The contribution were invited from the people involved in biomedical field, directly or indirectly. The chapters have covered the substantive matter from India and abroad. The chapters explained advanced scientific knowledge as well as the regulatory framework in medical biotechnology. The issues and analysis presented in this book will shape the policy and theoretical debates in medical biotechnology, at large. It is an excellent reference for advanced students of medical biotechnology, researchers, health professionals and scientists working in the field of red biotechnology.